T: This is our 2nd lesstion. Let’s make a review of the last one first.

S: Sure…But I haven’t practiced much after last class. I’m not sure how much I remember?

T: It’s ok. We’ll see. Any idea about what you learn last time?

S: I remember we learned about “tree”

T: Good. So, how to write “tree”?

(after 1 minute, student gave out 4 wrong answers)

S: I’ll write it for you. Do you remember how to read it?

T: “shu”?

S: The meaning of the character is “shu” but not the pronunciation.

T: … then, I don’t remember it.

S: The sound is “mu”.

T: The 2nd word learned last time is “to rest”. Do you remember how to write that?

S: Yes, I do.

(Student gives a correct word)

T: How do you remember that one?

S: I remember there is a “person” rests next to the tree.

T: Very good. Next one. Do you remember the words “bush” and “jungle”?

S: Yes.

(Student gives 2 right answers and read it correctly)


T: What else you can recall from last lesson?

(Student gives out 3 words, with 1 wrong answer)



T: Not that bad. You still remember most of them. How about the numbers? Do you still remember them?

S: Let me try.

(Student gives out 7 correct words)


T: Ok. As you can see. Practice is necessary, right? Today we’ll learn something new. In Chinese culture, there is something called five elements. Do you have that in your culture?

S: Yes, we do.

T: It’s good you are familiar with them. I want you to learn these 5 words because nowadays they become a essential contructure to word, we call them “radical”.

S: Really?

T: Yes. Let’s have a look of some clips to see how these words are formed from very beginning.


(Teacher plays the clip of Jin, Shui, Huo, Tu. Student practice writing after watching each of them)

T: Ok. As I said. These 5 words are important because they are basic radical to form a word. Let’s start from “Jin”. If it is a radical, first, it only occupies half of the grid box. Then, the whole word changes a little bit, like that. Try it by yourself.

(Student is writing the word with Jin as a radical)


T: Now let’s have a look of “shui”. There are 2 forms of “shui” when it changes to a radical. The 3-drop radical means to flow or liquid; the 2-drop radical means cold but related with water, eg: ice.

S: Ice and icy water will be very useful.

T: Yes, they are.


T: Last two words we are going to learn is “sun” and “moon”. Basically, “sun” means day time and date in Chinese and moon means night.

S: I know “moon” also means month.

T: Very good. Now let’s have a look how to write “sun” and “moon”

(Teacher play clips of “sun”and “moon”. Student practices writing while watching)

T: Now you know how to write “sun” and “moon”. Would you please put both of them in one box?

S: Yes, I can.

T: Not bad. Just need to a little adjustion. Can you guess about the meaning of the word?

S: Day time and night time…eh… a day? a new day?

T: Good try. “min tian” is the word of tommorrow.


S: Oh, I know the word. I just don’t know how to write it before and now I know… So, how to write “today”?

(Teacher writes down the word of “jin tian”)

T: As I mentioned. “ri” also means date. What date is today?

S: wu yue shi ba ri.

T: In oral speaking, we like to say “shi ba hao” instead of “shi ba ri”. “ri” is more formal and more often to be seen in calendal.

T: Can you write it?

S: I think I can.

(Teacher gives the word of “is”)


T: Very good. It’s all of today. I think we can start texting in Chinese next week. This is another way to help you practice.

S: Sounds good for me.

T: Anything else you want to learn?

S: Not this time. I think I need to practice more before next time.

T: Ok